Gifted Advocacy

Woman with megaphone shouting to man leaning back directly in front of him

What is Advocacy?

‘Advocacy’ means speaking up for someone and being their supportive spokesperson. The National Autistic Society says that: “Advocacy is a process of supporting and enabling people to express their views, to use information and services, to find out about options and make decisions, and to make sure their rights are respected.” (

An ‘advocate’ makes sure that the needs, rights or views of a person are fairly represented and heard by the appropriate officials, decision-makers or other significant people. (In a different sense, certain legal professionals similar to barristers are also called ‘advocates’).

‘Gifted advocacy’ could involve writing letters on behalf of a young person with high learning potential. Or accompanying a learner with Dual and Multiple Exceptionality (DME)* in official meetings as they seek a challenging education at school – or for the resources to receive this in a home education setting.

‘Ambassadors’ can also advocate for an area in which they are passionate. This does not represent a specific individual, but supports a whole sector, such as maths education. Specifically representing youngsters with high learning potential, Potential Plus UK has a network of high-profile official Ambassadors, you can find more about them on the Our Experts page.

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Self-Advocacy for Young People with High Learning Potential

Self-advocacy requires a child or young person with high learning potential to have a clear, calm understanding of themself, their needs and their learning ability. This must be coupled with an awareness of when and how to speak up – and with whom (parents, teachers, school governors, etc). These are skills that will need to be taught, possibly by a parent, responsible adult, teacher and/or using online resources such as those suggested below.

An alternative route to getting a young learner’s voice heard is for them to create or join a ‘student group‘ or ‘school council’.

Self-Advocacy Online Resources

School/Student Councils


Parent on the phone looking at a list her her desk

Parent Advocacy

Parents or carers might be the most appropriate people to act as advocates for their child with high learning potential. This might entail being in contact with a school, (such as individual teachers, the head teacher, office staff, a SENCo, the board of governors), Ofsted or the local education authority. Home-educated children might need an advocate when liaising with the local authorities, council services, independent study groups or online tutors.

Children and young people with mental health problems, on the autism spectrum or who have any other form of Dual or Multiple Exceptionality (DME), for example, may well need advocacy by their parent or guardian when dealing with the local authorities, social services, health professionals or Educational Welfare Officer.

As well as these individual situations, some advocates find strength in creating or joining a parent ‘pressure group’ to reach out in numbers to the wider community.

Parent Advocacy Online Resources

How to Advocate for Your Child

Powerful Correspondence

School Contact



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Teacher and School Advocacy

Now that there is no ‘right to funding’ for school Gifted and Talented programmes, teachers, head teachers or governors might need to advocate (to other teachers, heads of year, head teachers, governors or local authorities) for funding or people’s time with specialist clubs, study sessions or equipment, for example.

As schools increasingly form groups of academies, advocacy to Teaching Assistants, SENCos, teachers and senior managers has grown to include those within other learning establishments, as part of school-to-school discussions. There are many ways in which a teacher, SENCo or senior staff member might need to advocate for a young, high potential learner or their parent.

Teacher and School-Advocacy Online Resources

(Occasional US bias, but strong advice and experience that is relevant internationally.)

Parent Groups


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DME / 2E

The term dual or multiple exceptionality (DME) is used in the UK to describe children who have both high learning potential and a special educational need (SEND) through a learning difficulty or disability. The USA uses the term 2E. the difficulty involved in advocating for a child with high learning potential multiplies when the child also has some form of special educational need or disability. Often, the special educational need becomes the focus for support and the high learning potential is ignored or remains unrecognised. Advocating for a child with DME can be hard. As part of Potential Plus UK’s membership, we offer a member only area which includes a group available to help support families of children with DME.

DME Online Resources



  • Documents
  • Education professionals’ advocacy for gifted students with autism spectrum disorder; downloadable dissertation:
  • ‘STOMP – Top Tips for Advocates’ from Voiceability and the NHS includes ASD support:
  • Books
  • Wrightslaw: From Emotions to Advocacy: The Special Education Survival Guide, 2nd Edition, by Peter W. D. Wright and Pamela Darr Wright
  • Guide to Special Education Advocacy: What Parents, Clinicians and Advocates Need to Know by Matthew Cohen
very young child operating a laptop

Highly Gifted Advocacy

Some children are very significantly advanced in their cognitive abilities, setting them even more apart from other children their age. The characteristics and difficulties associated with high learning potential children are even more extreme in children who are exceptionally or profoundly gifted.

Exceptionally gifted children are those with cognitive abilities in the top 0.1% of the population (or 1 in 1000) and profoundly gifted children are those with cognitive abilities in the top 0.03% of the population (or 1 in 3333).

Early development means that these exceptionally advanced children acquire and process information very quickly, affecting their cognitive and social development. Many suffer from social isolation due to the lack of a suitable peer group with whom to relate and feel an overwhelming pressure to conform.

Highly Gifted Online Resources


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Gifted Advocacy Events Internationally

Online Summit

Become a Member

Families benefit from access to our advice line, the Members’ Area, our electronic resources, discounted events and our Focus newsletter.

Schools benefit from access to our advice line, online resources, members area, newsletter, workshops, webinars-on-demand, and associate family membership for their parents.